Allergies are a common medical problem across the globe. There are millions of people that suffer from different types of allergies. Allergies result when the body’s defense system releases chemicals to fight invaders they consider enemies although the invaders are harmless, e.g. pollen, molds, or dust. You should also be aware of the fact that the different types of allergic reactions affect different parts of the body. Body parts that are commonly affected by allergies are the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, throat, sinuses, the lining of the stomach, among others. The commonly affected body parts have immune system cells that are responsible for resisting foreign substances that are either swallowed, inhaled, or touched.
What are some of the common allergy reactions in human beings? The most common one is allergic rhinitis or hay fever. It leads to running nose, sneezing, itchy nose, eyes, and roof of the mouth, or sometimes congestion. The common cause is outdoor molds or pollens but can also be caused by pets, house dust mites, indoor molds, etc. The other common allergy problem across the globe is asthma. Asthma is characterized by difficulty in breathing because the flow of air to the lungs is blocked by muscle spasms or excess mucus. The patient also experiences a tight feeling in the chest, wheezing, and coughing. Asthma can be life-threatening if breathing is made hard or even stops. The other allergy that people experience is skin allergies, atopic and contact dermatitis or hives. This is caused by things such as poison ivy, medicine, insect stings, chemicals, food, among others. Your skin will have rashes. Anaphylaxis is also an allergic reaction that affects various body parts at the same time. It is usually fatal.
When should you see an allergist? You are advised to see a physician who specializes in the treatment of allergy as soon as you experience the symptoms of an allergy. You may be having frequent diarrhea, running nose, skin rashes, difficulty in breathing, head congestion, among other things. These symptoms usually make life uncomfortable and will hinder you from performing tasks effectively. Seeing an allergist before the symptoms get worse is also a good thing to do. You should remember that allergic reactions get worse rapidly. The advanced allergic reactions are usually life-threatening and can lead to death if medical attention is not sought as soon as possible.
How do you get treated for allergies? Once you visit an allergist clinic, you will be tested so that the physician can establish what type of allergen is causing the reaction. You will then be told to avoid the allergen. You can be told to stop eating certain foods, avoid living in areas with pollen, ensure your house is dust-free, among others. It can also be hard to evade some allergens. The allergist will give you a solution that will help to reduce the exposure to the allergens. The physician can also give you prescription drugs that can eliminate the problem. Immunotherapy is also a common treatment choice. Immunotherapy can be in the form of allergy shots to contain allergens or sublingual tablets.